Top 10 Cocoa Producing Countries

While cocoa originated in Central America over 5000 years ago, it’s popularity and production has spread globally. We look at the nations that lead the world in cocoa production.

Chocolate means many things to different people: it can be a special treat, a guilty pleasure, or a delicacy to be mulled and evaluated much like wine. But for many people around the globe, it’s also serious industry. By 2016, the global chocolate market will be worth $98.3 billion.

Chocolate is made from cocoa beans, which, logically, grow on cacao trees. Historians believe that chocolate consumption originated in the Pre-Columbian societies of Central America at least five millennia ago. Today, however, the production and consumption of this sweet treat is a complex world trade network

Unsurprisingly, most of the top 10 cocoa-producing countries come from warm, wet climates similar to where the bean originated. However, nations across four continents make the top 10, and the largest contingent does not comes from the Americas, with four of the top five nations found in Africa.

So who’s driving the global choco-industrial complex? In other words, which nations harvest and produce the largest crops of cocoa beans to satisfy the Earth’s sweet tooth? According to the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, these are the top cocoa producers in the world:

Rank Country Production (tonnes)
1 Cote d’Ivoire 1,448,992
2 Ghana 835,466
3 Indonesia 777,5
4 Nigeria 367
5 Cameroon 275
6 Brazil 256,186
7 Ecuador 128,446
8 Mexico 82
9 Peru 71,175
10 Dominican Republic 68,021
11 Colombia 46,739
12 Papua New Guinea 41,2
13 Venezuela 31,236
14 Uganda 20
15 Togo 15
16 Sierra Leone 14,85
17 Guatemala 13,127
18 India 13
19 Haiti 10
20 Madagascar 9

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